A leak at a chemical factory in Basel, Switzerland, caused the Rhine to turn red.
After a fire broke out and caused damage to a storage unit, thousands of highly poisonous chemicals leaked into the Rhine river, causing it to turn red. An estimate of over half a million fish was killed from the substances.
The US Weather Bureau was founded by President Ulysses S. Grant.
The president ordered for national weather observations to be made after a range of natural disasters occurred. Initially forecasts were only given 24 hours in advance but gave the public chance to prepare.
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